Volume 39, Issue 1, Spring 2015

The Journal of Child Nutrition & Management

A Publication of the School Nutrition Association

Table of Contents

Volume 39, Issue 1, Spring 2015

Editor’s Note


Methods and Challenges Related to Implementing the New National School Lunch Program Regulations in IndianaPurpose/Objectives
The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 resulted in updated National School Lunch Program (NSLP) regulations from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The purpose of this research was to investigate the approaches used by school foodservice managers and directors in Indiana in complying with the new regulations and to identify the remaining challenges.

Krisha Thiagarajah, PhD, RD; Victoria M. Getty, MEd, RD; Hattie L. Johnson; Megan Case, RD; Susan J. Herr, DTR

From Policy to Practice: Parent Perceptions of the 2010 Federal School Lunch MandatePurpose/Objectives
The purpose of this study was to investigate parent awareness and perceptions of changes to the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) implemented as a result of the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHKA) of 2010.

Elizabeth H. Golembiewski, MPH; Natoshia M. Askelson, PhD, MPH; Daniel M. Elchert, BA; Erika A. Leicht, BA; Carrie A. Scheidel, MPH; Patti J. Delger, RD, LD

Professional Networks Among Rural School Food Service Directors Implementing the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids ActPurpose/Objectives
This study was designed to explore the professional networks of rural school food service directors (FSD), the resources they use for implementing the Healthy, Hunger-free Kids Act of 2010 (HHFKA), and their needs for information and support to continue to implement successfully.

Disa Lubker Cornish, PhD; Natoshia M. Askelson, PhD, MPH; Elizabeth H. Golembiewski, MPH

School Nutrition Professionals’ Usage and Perceptions of USDA Recipes and the Impact of Student EnrollmentPurpose/Objectives
The purpose of this study was to explore the frequency of usage of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Recipes for Schools and investigate factors influencing their usage. The relationship between these variables and school district size (student enrollment) was also investigated.

Keith Rushing, PhD, RD; J.T. Johnson, PhD

Serving Fish in School Meals: Perceptions of School Nutrition Professionals in AlaskaPurpose/Objectives
Fish and other seafood high in omega-3 fats are important components of a healthy diet. The purpose of this study was to explore perceptions regarding serving fish in school meals among nutrition professionals in Alaska.

Betty T. Izumi, PhD, MPH, RD; Hayley A. Pickus, BA; Amy Conesti, Med, MAT; Jo Dawson; Andrea Bersamin, PhD

Perspectives and Future Directions Concerning Fresh, Whole Foods in Montana School Nutrition ProgramsPurpose/Objectives
To meet new USDA school meal standards, school nutrition programs may need to transition from a “heat and serve” meal preparation approach to increased scratch cooking and use of fresh, whole foods. This study aims to assess the attitudes, motivations, and barriers for Montana school nutrition professionals and key stakeholders regarding the use of whole, fresh food in school nutrition programs.

Lacy Stephens, BA, BS; Carmen J. Byker Shanks, PhD; Aubree Roth, MS; Katie Bark, RD, LN

Food Defense Best Practices Reported by Public School Food Authorities in Seven Northern U.S. StatesPurpose/Objectives
This study reported food defense planning, training and best practices implemented in public schools in Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin.

Carol J. Klitzke, PhD, RDN; Catherine H. Strohbehn, PhD, RD, CP-FS

Current Practices for Providing School Field Trip Meals: Perspectives of School Nutrition Managers and TeachersPurpose/Objectives
The Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act of 2010 extended the requirements for a school food safety program to wherever food is stored, prepared, or served, including meals for field trips. The purpose of this study was to determine what foods are used for field trip meals, how those foods are transported and stored, and what standard operating procedures are in place to guide school nutrition personnel and teachers in providing safe meals.

Jeannie Sneed, PhD, RD, CP-FS; Emily Vaterlaus Patten, MS. RD


Building Healthier Children Through Family-Style Service in School CafeteriasPurpose/Objectives
Schools are recognized as ideal environments to promote and enhance the health of children. Previous research has shown a positive association exists between increased prevalence of family-style meals and children’s health. Use of family-style service provides opportunities to improve children’s overall health and well-being through increased adult role-modeling, peer to peer interactions, and teaching of mealtime etiquette. The potential impact of incorporating family-style service into school cafeterias could include enhanced development of children’sphysical, social, and emotional health.

Jamie E. Coborn, MS; Len Marquart, PhD, RD; Teri L. Burgess-Champoux, PhD, RD, LC; Renee A. Rosen, PhD, RD

Barriers and Possible Facilitators to Participation in Farm to School WeekPurpose/Objectives
The purpose of this study was to evaluate child nutrition directors’ (CNDs) Farm to School (F2S) Week participation. This cross-sectional, census survey was completed by CNDs working in Mississippi public school districts participating in the National School Lunch Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize demographic data and the barriers hindering F2S participation. Out of a total of 74 CNDs, 50 reported no participation in F2S Week 2012. Of the 24 CNDs that did report participating in F2S, the most frequently reported barrier for not participating in F2S or purchasing locally grown produce was a perceived lack of local food availability, mainly in terms of local food variety. When attempting to overcome barriers associated with purchasing locally grown produce, CNDs should seek out resources like Food Policy Councils or state affiliates of the National Farm to School Network.

Alicia S. Landry, PhD, RD; Kelsey J. Lingsch, MS, RD; Caitlin Weiss, MS, RD; Carol L. Connell, PhD, RD; Kathleen Yadrick, PhD, RD


Summary of USDA ResearchPurpose/Objectives
The FNS Research Corner provides a continuing series of summaries of recently completed and current research conducted by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) in the area of child nutrition. For further information, contact the Office of Policy Support (OPS), formerly the Office of Research and Analysis (ORA) at (703) 305-2117. Links to published studies and reports as well as descriptions of ongoing studies conducted by OPS are available from the FNS Internet web site at http://www.fns.usda.gov/research-and-analysis.

John R. Endahl, PhD; Melissa Abelev, PhD

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