SNA Press Releases

SNA Submits Comments on Proposed School Meal Standards

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Contact: Diane Pratt-Heavner
301-686-3124 Ext.

SNA Submits Comments on Proposed School Meal Standards



National Harbor, Md. (March 29, 2011) – The School Nutrition Association (SNA) has submitted comments to the US Department of Agriculture in response to the department’s proposed rule outlining new nutrition standards for school meals. 

The comments, available through this link, express SNA’s support for the proposed rule’s goals of increasing student consumption of fruits, vegetables and whole grains while reducing the sodium, calories and fat in school meals.  Yet, the document raises concerns about schools’ ability to meet all the requirements within the proposed rule’s tight timetables. 

To provide schools adequate time to train staff, secure necessary equipment, change menus, identify new suppliers, and help students adapt to the new meals, SNA advises delaying mandatory implementation of the rule until school year 2013-2014.  The Association recommends incentivizing early implementation by providing the additional 6 cent reimbursement to schools that meet the new meal pattern prior to SY 2013-2014.

One major barrier to meeting the new standards is cost:  USDA estimates that if the proposed rule is fully implemented, the cost of preparing a school lunch could rise by more than 15 cents while the cost of preparing a school breakfast could rise by more than 51 cents.  Yet, the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act provides only 6 cents more per lunch to help schools meet these new standards and no additional reimbursement to assist with costly improvements to breakfast.

In addition to purchasing more produce, whole grains and lean proteins, schools will face significant equipment and training expenses.  Meeting the new requirements will require schools to secure additional coolers, freezers and dry storage spaces; upgrade small-wares and sinks required to wash and process the additional fresh produce; modify and replace serving lines to accommodate larger portions; and train staff on storage, preparation and service of new menu items. 

These challenges arrive at a time when cash-strapped states are reconsidering financial support of school nutrition programs and when harsh winter conditions, world events and commodity shortages have driven food prices to historic heights. 

In light of cost concerns, SNA recommends that implementation of the revised breakfast meal pattern requirements be delayed until additional funding is available to help offset costs.  SNA also requests an easing of the new meat/meat alternate requirement for school breakfast, which could eliminate popular and healthy breakfast choices like whole grain pancakes or cereal.

Cost concerns also influenced SNA’s recommendation that the weekly requirement for legumes, dark green and orange vegetables be changed to encourage, rather than require, schools to vary vegetable selections (as is currently done in the HealthierUS School Challenge).  SNA points out that rural areas and states such as Alaska face unique challenges to meeting these weekly requirements, such as dramatic price fluctuations for produce, variety and product availability during the winter months.  

SNA also calls for easing the proposed rule’s severe limit on starchy vegetables, which include green peas, corn, lima beans and potatoes.  The proposed rule hampers school efforts to offer locally grown vegetables throughout the fall and winter, as well as regionally preferred foods such as corn in Mexican dishes.  The Association recommends allowing schools to offer more starchy vegetables each week, but suggests restricting the individual serving size of these vegetables to half a cup per meal and prohibiting deep-fried preparation. 

The proposed rule also calls for strict limits on sodium, requiring schools to cut sodium in lunches by more than 50 percent within 10 years.  SNA agrees with the need to reduce sodium but warns that many schools will struggle to meet all the sodium targets, given the limited availability of low sodium pre-prepared foods and the reliance on canned items for schools located in geographic areas that have limited access to fresh produce.  With these concerns in mind, SNA recommends that USDA make an allowance for naturally occurring sodium found in foods like milk and meat.

Product availability is also a concern when it comes to the proposed rule’s whole grain requirement.  SNA points out that “Some regions have little or no supply of whole grain products at the present time, and may have to secure new suppliers.”  As such, the Association recommends that implementation of the whole grain requirement be delayed until school year 2013 to 2014.

School nutrition professionals are also worried about how these changes will impact student participation in school meal programs.  SNA has asked USDA to monitor changes in participation rates, increases in plate waste and to look at whether students have adequate time, given shortened breakfast and lunch periods, to eat larger servings of fresh produce.

SNA’s comments were developed by an 11 member task force assigned to collect and synthesize input from the non-profit professional organization’s 53,000 members nationwide who plan, prepare and serve school meals in all 50 states.

The proposed rule, released in January, is open for public comment until April 13, 2011.  USDA is expected to release the final regulations at the start of 2012.



National School Breakfast Week Campaign Helps Students Clue into the Importance of Healthy School Breakfasts

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Contact: Diane Pratt-Heavner
301-686-3124 Ext.



National Harbor, MD (March 3, 2011) – Next week, school districts across the nation will celebrate National School Breakfast Week (March 7-11) by hosting “School Breakfast Detectives,” a fun, private-eye themed campaign allowing students to clue into the importance of school breakfast and uncover how eating school breakfast sets you up for a busy day at school.

Created by the non-profit School Nutrition Association with support from General Mills Foodservice, National Dairy Council and The US Highbush Blueberry Council, “School Breakfast Detectives” will allow students to join characters Cassie Day and Marlowe Darrington on the Search for Super Energy!  Student sleuths will be able to develop creative designs for the “School Breakfast Detectives” book cover contest and sharpen their investigative skills with a number of nutrition puzzles.  Most importantly, “School Breakfast Detectives” will get kids excited about healthy breakfasts. 

Numerous studies have demonstrated the link between breakfast and academic achievement – from students’ memory and test scores to school attendance.  Yet too many children miss out on the most critical meal of the day.  The Food Research Action Center has found that less than half (47.2 percent) of low-income children who received school lunch also participated in the breakfast program.

Fortunately, schools are finding new ways to reach children in need of a healthy breakfast.  School Nutrition Association has found that since 2002, participation in the School Breakfast Program has increased by 43 percent as schools have begun overcoming the logistical and timing challenges to breakfast service.  In SNA’s new “Growing School Breakfast Participation” report, research reveals that many schools are now offering breakfast in grab ‘n’ go bags or hallway kiosks, or they are serving breakfast in the classroom.

“Every school day, the School Breakfast Program fuels more than 11 million students for success.  The program is crucial to children eligible for free and reduced price meals, but it also offers a helping hand to busy parents who struggle to convince their kids to make time for breakfast before leaving for school,” said SNA President Nancy Rice, M.Ed., RD, LD, SNS.  

Every school breakfast is required to meet federal nutrition standards limiting fat and portion size and ensuring that each meal offers the necessary energy to start a day of learning.  Breakfasts provide 25 percent of the recommended daily allowance of protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C and calories. 

The National School Breakfast Program was established in 1966.  Since 1989, National School Breakfast Week has been raising awareness of the program and the links between eating a good breakfast, academic achievement and healthy lifestyles.



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