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USDA FY13 Funding Overview

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The US Department of Agriculture’s Fiscal Year 2013 Budget is reflective of the President’s Plan for Economic Growth and Deficit Reduction. Between 2010 and 2012, USDA’s operating budget was reduced by over 12 percent. Staffing has been cut and USDA has identified a number of areas to reduce costs and ways to make operations more efficient. The 2013 request for discretionary budget authority to fund programs and operating expenses is about $24 billion, about the same as provided in 2012. This is somewhat offset through about $1 billion in proposed limits on selected mandatory programs. For 2013, more reductions in staffing levels, among other actions, are proposed to reduce costs. Additionally, the budget proposes to reduce or terminate selected programs and reallocate resources to fund targeted investments in select programs and infrastructure to provide a foundation for sustainable economic growth.

Funding for mandatory programs is projected to increase in 2013 by nearly $8 billion due to a one-time shift in the timing of certain crop insurance costs mandated by the 2008 Farm Bill. In 2013, rising employment and household incomes are expected to reduce the need for nutrition assistance through the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and lead to fewer program participants.

USDA’s total expenses for 2013 are estimated at $155 billion. Approximately 83 percent of expenditures, about $128 billion in 2013, are associated with mandatory programs that provide services as required by law. Specific program budget increases are as follows:

  • WIC is being increased from $6.6 billion to $7.0 billion
  • SNAP is being increased from $80.4 billion to about $82 billion
  • Child Nutrition Programs are being increased from $18.2 billion to $19.7 billion

The entire budget overview can be viewed here.


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